Delhi Local: A city dependent on its neighbours for water

Delhi is a landlocked city and gets crude water from adjoining States. The water is treated at different water treatment plants (WTPs) prior to being provided to the inhabitants of the Capital.

Delhi gets water from Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana. The biggest portion of water comes from Haryana by means of the Yamuna through three distinct channels. When there is a fall in the measure of crude water Delhi gets from these three States, it influences the water supply in the public capital.

What is the issue?

Since Delhi gets the biggest portion of water from the Yamuna, it’s anything but a combative issue for quite a while among Delhi and Haryana.

The Yamuna starts in Yamunotri icy mass in the Himalayas and goes through Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Rajasthan and Delhi before its intersection with the Ganga. The stretch of the waterway from its starting point to Okhla in Delhi is known as the “Upper Yamuna”. In 1994, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was endorsed by the five bowl States of the Yamuna, including Delhi and Haryana, for sharing of water of upper Yamuna.

In 1995, the Center framed the Upper Yamuna River Board (UYRB) to manage assignment of Yamuna water which courses through these States.

Notwithstanding, Delhi and Haryana have been in constant disagreement over the distribution of Yamuna water — particularly during summers — with Delhi griping that it is getting less water from Haryana and the last denying it most occasions.

Recent concern

During the previous multi week, the Delhi Jal Board (DJB), which oversees water supply in Delhi, has been grumbling that it has been getting around 120 Million Gallons each Day (MGD) less crude water from Haryana for the past numerous days.

DJB Vice Chairperson Raghav Chadha guaranteed the water delivered by Haryana is less to such an extent that water levels at Wazirabad Barrage, a point along the progression of the Yamuna in Delhi, is the most reduced since 1965.

According to the DJB, because of deficiency of water, the limit of Chandrawal WTP has boiled down to 55 MGD from 90 MGD; Wazirabad WTP to 80 MGD from 135 MGD; and Okhla WTP to 12 MGD from 20 MGD.

What’s the deal?

The issue is relied upon to be settled quickly as Haryana has delivered around 1800 cusecs of water for 24 hours on Sunday, according to DJB authorities.

It takes around a few days for this water to arrive at Delhi and it is relied upon to address the ebb and flow water issue. On Sunday, Haryana delivered more water and the deficit in Delhi’s offer has dropped to 65 MGD from 120 MGD, according to DJB authorities.

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